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Arborvitae | Plant Profile

Many species of arborvitae are native to the northeast and will grow easily in the mid-Atlantic climate. In the wild, some can grow up to 60′ tall, but many smaller varieties are popular for landscaping.

These trees are often used as hedging or natural fences, and some deer-resistant varieties are popular choices for green screens.

Description

American Arborvitae Characteristics

Arborvitae (thuja) are a very common border planting in the mid-Atlantic landscape. Varieties can vary greatly in size, shape and foliage type, although some are hardier than others.

'Emerald Green' (pictured) is a smaller variety that does well as a foundation planting and green screen in smaller settings. Arborvitae 'Nigra' is very similar to the 'Emerald Green' in foliage and shape, though a much larger grower. Its needles are less densely packed, giving it a looser feel. 'Nigra' can grow to 30' in height.

Arborvitae 'Green Giant,' a fast-growing variety that can reach over 40' in height, is a great border plant that thrives as a hedge and is deer-resistant in all but the most extreme circumstances.

A common sight with many juniper and arborvitae plants is deer browsing - 36-48" of bare growth at the bottom of the tree where deer have eaten away at the plant. Not all arborvitae varieties are deer-resistant, so it is important to understand your varieties when considering selections for your landscape.

 

 

 

USDA Climate Zone
Zones 2 - 7
Height
12 - 30'
Spread
3 - 10'
Bloom Time
Non-flowering
Water
Medium
Sun
Full Sun to Part Shade
Maintenance
Low
Deer Resistant?
No