Bring the Outdoors Home

Columbine | Plant Profile

Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) are medium sized perennial wildflowers. In nature, Columbine are found on slopes and rocky hillsides. Drooping red or yellow flowers bloom in spring. The flowers are bell shaped and face toward the ground. Hummingbirds frequent the flowers.

Columbine prefers average fertility, medium moisture, well drained soils in full sun to part shade.

These wildflowers are attractive in meadows, woodland gardens, and areas where they are permitted to naturalize. They make effective additions to pollinator gardens. The foliage can make an attractive groundcover.



Columbine Characteristics

Columbine make attractive additions to wildflower gardens. They can tolerate a wide range of soils and growing conditions. Their tolerance of shallow and rocky soils make them popular choices for hillsides for erosion control and groundcover. They will self-seed and spread rapidly. Spent flowers should be removed to allow for more blooms to occur. Cut the foliage to the ground in late spring to make way for new spring growth.

There are rarely any disease or insect issues that threaten Columbine.

USDA Climate Zone
Zones 3 - 8
2.00 - 3.00'
2.00 - 3.00'
Bloom Time
April - May
Full Sun - Part Shade
Deer Resistant?