Bring the Outdoors Home

Liriope (Lilyturf) | Plant Profile

Liriope muscari and Liriope spicata, commonly known as Lilyturf, are tufted and tall groundcovers that are very hardy and can survive in many types of soils and light conditions. Most liriope have long, green, drooping leaves that resemble ornamental grasses. From August to September, liriope will bloom stalks of small purple flowers.

They will grow in average and well drained soils with full sun to nearly full shade.

Liriope is often used to fill bare spots under trees or to line borders along houses, fences, and planting beds. They are resilient enough to handle some foot traffic from the family dog.

These plants should be mowed back (highest lawn mower setting) in early spring to encourage new growth. Liriope can be vulnerable to the harsh Pennsylvania winters and should be planted close to structures with thick mulch for protection.

Liriope can be massed for a groundcover effect, forming thick clumps of splaying foliage. Common varieties include Variegated Lilyturf and Liriope ‘Big Blue.’ Liriope spicata is a creeping variety, spreading by runners. This makes it grow more quickly and it can become invasive if not controlled.


Liriope Characteristics

Liriope can grow from 1' to 1.5' with tall splaying leaves and vertical flower blooms, depending on the variety. The flowers can be light purple, dark purple, or multiple shades of blue. Flower also produce small dark berries.

Liriope can be planted in small groups as an accent piece or as groundcover in smaller areas. They can also be planted in a large area and let to spread.

Liriope make an eye-catching lining to a driveway or walkway. As a groundcover, they can mass together to strangle weeds and other invasive plants, helping to keep garden maintenance to a minimum. Liriope is commonly planted in outdoor pots as its erect and weeping leaves will attractively droop over the pot and other small flowers.

Liriope is not prone to disease, but some snails and slugs may make these plants their home. It is important to cut away old growth in early spring to make way for new growth. Dead leaves should be removed from the plant or trimmed back to a few inches from the ground.

USDA Climate Zone
Zones  5 - 10
1.00 - 1.50'
.75 - 1.00'
Bloom Time
August - September
Full Sun to Part Shade
Deer Resistant?