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Winterberry Holly | Plant Profile

Winterberry Holly ‘Ilex verticillata’ is a deciduous shrub that is native to swampy conditions in North America. They are slow-growing and form a naturally rounded shape. Dark green leaves may turn dark red in fall, but attractive fall color is not reliable. Small white flowers produce bright red berries if pollinated. The berries remain throughout winter and create beautiful winter interest.

Winterberry Holly prefers acidic, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. These shrubs are tolerant of poorly drained soils or swampy conditions. Male and female plants must be planted together for pollination and berry production to occur. Prune in early spring to shape and encourage new growth.

Winterberry Holly are perfect for year-round interest. The red berries are extremely showy in winter. Winterberry Holly are an idea choice for bird watchers as the berries are highly attractive to birds. Plant in low spots or natural springs to absorb excess ground moisture.


Winterberry Holly Characteristics

Winterberry Holly are attractive shrubs that bring year-round interest. The bright red berries grow in plentiful crops if pollinated. Birds and pollinated insects are attracted to the flowers and berries.

Leaf spot and powdery mildew can occur. Chlorosis (yellow of the leaves) can be deadly in in neutral or alkaline soils.

USDA Climate Zone
Zones 3 - 9
3.00 - 12.00'
3.00 - 12.00'
Bloom Time
June - July
Medium - Wet
Full Sun - Part Shade
Deer Resistant?