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Highbush Blueberry | Plant Profile

Highbush Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) are Pennsylvania native blueberry shrubs that produce showy and edible blueberries. In the wild, they are found in wet woodlands, bogs, and low areas with damp soil. These shrubs grow upright and max out at around 8′. The white flowers of spring produce clusters of edible blueberries. The green foliage of summer turns firey red in fall.

Highbush Blueberry prefers acidic, medium to wet, well drained soils in full sun to part shade. The soil should not be allowed to dry out. Pruning can be done in winter to prevent interfering with the following fruit crop.

Highbush Blueberry can be used as ornamental pieces or for their fruit production. They grow tall enough to become informal shrub borders to divide yards or hide fencing. Plant alongside rhododendrons or azaleas as they have similar soil requirements. The blueberries are highly attractive to birds that will frequent the shrubs as the berries ripen.



Highbush Blueberry Characteristics

Highbush Blueberry are medium to large shrubs that are used for their fruit production. They prefer medium to wet moisture soils that should never dry out. The root system is shallow so a layer of mulch should help to keep consistent soil moisture. Blueberries are self fertile and do not need to be pollinated for production, but the best crops often come with cross pollination. Plant more than one variety of blueberry that flower at the same time for the largest and most plentiful berries.

Highbush Blueberry rarely has insect or disease issues that threaten the lives of these plants. However, birds and wildlife may eat unripe berries quickly. It is recommended to cover the ripening berries with a screen or netting. Fruit eating insects may snack on the berries. Chlorosis, or yellowing of the leaves in high pH soils, can be fatal. If this occurs, treat the soil with acidic substitutes immediately.

USDA Climate Zone
Zones 5 - 8
6.00 - 12.00'
8.00 - 12.00'
Bloom Time
Medium - Wet
Full Sun - Part Shade
Deer Resistant?