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Eastern White Pine | Plant Profile

The biggest evergreen native to the northeastern United States, the Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus) is a versatile tree. It can grow up to 80′ or trimmed and pruned regularly for use as a hedge.

This tree is native to the Pittsburgh area and Appalachian Mountains. It must be planted in a suitable location for successful growth, requiring fertile, well drained soil with full sun to part shade. Once established, the Eastern White Pine requires little care, however it should be shielded from road salt and can have breakage under heavy snow.


Eastern White Pine Characteristics

The Eastern White Pine is a large, rapidly growing evergreen that can grow up to 100' tall in the wild, but rarely reaches more than 80' in cultivation. It has long thin branches and an irregular shape. Needles are soft and grow up to 6" long in bundles of 5.

It is often found in wooded areas far from any structures. The long thin branches are susceptible to breaking under heavy snow or in strong winds. If planted closely together, these trees serve as an excellent wind break or barriers between large lawns. If trimmed and sheared, they are often used as hedges between smaller lawns.

The Eastern White pine thrives in the Pittsburgh climate as this is it's natural habitat. It grows best in moist and well drained soil with full sun. Eastern White Pines are not tolerant of clays, air pollutants, and road salt. It is also vulnerable to white pine blister rust which can be deadly for the tree.

USDA Climate Zone
Zones 3 - 8
50 - 80'
20 - 40'
Bloom Time
Full Sun to Part Shade
Deer Resistant?